India is not only just incredible in terms of climate, nature, culture, historical places, religion but also dotted one of the popular wildlife destinations among the tourists. The total area of India's protected wilderness is around 1,
40,000 square kilometers which constitutes 4 percent of the country’s total land area. There was a point of time in history when many wildlife and marine species were on a brink of extinction. However, off late, Indian government and the populace have awakened to the frightening danger over the existence of these wildlife species and have brought them under the protection and nourishing plan. The emphasis has not only been on protecting and nourishing wildlife in reserved jungle and forests, also developing awareness and protection so the man and animal persist to live in peace and harmony.
The Indian subcontinent is endowed with the most varied geographical divisions and climatic variations. Naturally, the diverse landscape and climatic conditions serve as natural habitats to a vast variety of flora and fauna. Numerous Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks have been established all over India with the objective of securing the future of endangered species of flora and fauna by conserving them in their natural environments.
Corbett the country's protected wilderness consists of 75 National Parks and 421 Sanctuaries, of which 19 falls under the purview of Project Tiger. Its geographic and climatic diversity makes it the home of over 360 mammals and 1,300 bird species, many of which are exceptional to the subcontinent. The land of the tiger and the elephant, the peacock and the rhinoceros, India's wildlife is a delight for the nature lover. The wildlife Parks and sanctuaries sprawled in Southern, Western, Eastern and Northern part of India, all over offer a fascinating miscellany of forest environment, flora and fauna.
India is reputed to be the home to the finest wildlife and bird statuaries and tiger reserves, which offer an amazing array of wildlife. There are few popular “Project Tiger" wildlife reserves at Ranthambore, Bandhavgarh and Kanha National Parks. As a result of positive steps and inventiveness taken in the area of Indian wildlife conservation, the existing wildlife sanctuaries and national parks have seen a significant raise in the number of tigers, which were once on the verge of annihilation
In India, there is some finest bird sanctuaries namely are, Bharatpur, Ranganathittu, Vembanad Bird Sanctuaries. Other wildlife sanctuaries such as the Shivpuri Nature Reserve, the tiger reserve at Nagarhole wildlife sanctuary and Bannerghat National Park are also prominent and quite popular among the wildlife lovers. These nature refuges are home to several rare animal species including lions, tigers, elephants, leopard, Cheetahs, monkeys, deer, Sloth bear, wild boar, rhinoceros black bucks, cobras and peacocks are the prime wildlife attractions in the country. Discover the vividness of the flora which provides protection and food to these animals. All these are so exceptional and exciting in themselves that you will be forced to revisit the wildlife regions time and again.
The wildlife attractions of India are colossal and worth appreciating. Indian wildlife preserves numbers endangered and rare species, and waiting for you to explore them.
Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand covers an area of approximately 520.8 sq. km in the Himalayan foothills witnesses almost 70,000 visitors every season from all around the world is the first wildlife reserve of India. One of India’s largest National Park, is home to more than 488 species of fauna and 586 wildlife species.
Ranthambore National Park is located in district of southeastern Rajasthan in state of Rajasthan North India. Established in the year 1955 as a game sanctuary, Ranthambore National Park is one of the most popular places to visit for wildlife lovers. In 1972, the commencement of Project Tiger took place. Ranthambore received the status of a national park in the year 1980. At this point of time, Ranthambore National Park was conferred the status of a tiger reserve in the country. It is spread on an area of 1,334 square kilometres along with its neighbouring sanctuaries- the Kaila Devi Sanctuary and the Mansingh Sanctuary. This is one of largest and most popular National Park in the country.
Bandhavgarh National Park is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. Located in the heart of Umaria district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, Bandhavgarh National Park is flocked by nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts every year in decent numbers. Covering a buffer area of around 448 sq km and a core area of around 105 sq km, this national park lies in the foothills of Vindhyas. Former hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Rewa, it is now famed for being the natural habitat for the White Tigers.
Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 65 kilometers from Junagarh City of Gujarat state the only home of the endangered mighty Asiatic Lion. Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most popular attractions of Gujarat. In 1965, Gir forest was titled as wildlife sanctuary and in 1975 it was declared as a National Park. Spread in a huge area of 1412 square km, the national park houses around 38 species of mammals, 300 avifauna species, 37 species of reptiles and over 2000 insect species. Enjoy jeep safari and bird watching at Sasan Gir.
Located in the centermost state of India, in Madhya Pradesh, Kanha national Park, which was established in the year 1955, is a protected land that stretches for approximately 940 km. The park is known for various wildlife conservations schemes initiated by its management, particularly regarding Barasingha and Tiger species.
Sunderbans is the largest estuarine forests in West Bengal that are covered throughout by mangrove forests. They are constituted by the crisscrossing of 54 small islands along with numerous River Ganges tributaries.
Tourists come here not only to enjoy gorgeous sceneries but also to enjoy the wildlife constituted by 55 species of reptiles, 250 species of birds and 58 species of mammals. The only way to traverse the park is by availing a boat. Jeep safaris are not allowed here. No one is even allowed to get down on the river bank.
Kaziranga National Park acquired a significant position in the list of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Rich flora and fauna, and beautiful ambience are the major factors that the national park a must visit amidst adventure seekers.These attributes have also made the park get listed amidst the UNESCO’ World Heritage Site List. The national park also provides shelter to about 35 mammalian species, which includes 15 species of mammals are categorized as threatened under the IUCN Red List.
Keoladeo National Park (formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary), in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, is home to more than 230 resident and migratory bird species in a protected area of 29 sq km. The largest Bird Reserve in India was declared as a protected sanctuary in the year 1971 and was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site list by the year 1985.
Periyar National Park in Kerala is a protected wildlife reserve. The area covering 350 sq km right in the middle of serene Periyar Lake was declared as a National Park in the year 1982. The National Park is situated right at the heart of Pandalam Hills and Cardamom Hills of Southern Western Ghats.
The Pench National Park spreads over a vast area of 293 square kilometers, and the park stretches out into the neighboring state of Maharashtra. The best time to visit the Pench National Park is between the months of November to June.
The wildlife park is very popular for its deer and leopards. The Pench National Park is open for the tourists from 5 a.m. to 7 p.m. The sanctuary can be easily accessible by rail and road.